A key component to keep the water out of your basement is to have drain tiles and waterproof the basement.
According to the 2012 International Residential Code for One and Two-Family Dwellings, “Drains shall be provided around all concrete or masonry foundations that retain earth and enclose habitable or usable spaces located below grade.” The drain tile is basically a pipe that runs along the perimeter of the foundation. This pipe collects water and transports it to either the sump crock, where it is pumped out away from the home, or to a pipe that runs to daylight. A home that is located on a sloping lot, allows the drainage system to drain out by gravity without the need for a pump (see picture below).
Drain tiles (pipe) collect water that naturally flows towards your foundation and transports it to the sump pump, where it is pumped out away from the home. In some cases it is transported to the pipe that runs directly to the outside of the house.
When it rains the water moves horizontally through soil and occupies the empty spaces between the particles of soil. That is why it is so important to keep the water drained away from concrete foundation and preventing it from moving through. Concrete is essential to a successful structure.
Your home's foundation may be unstable due to age, water damage, soil settling or clay expansion, and you could develop extensive concrete cracking if these problems are not addressed. When you call the professionals at General Moisture Solutions we'll conduct an extensive evaluation of your home for potential troubling water damage.
When your basement suffers from water damage due to foundation issues, its important to take corrective action right away. Even if your foundation's concrete cracks are not currently leaking, chances are they will. While these issues may seem minor at the moment, a leak or crack can create a number of serious structural problems. In Chicago, due to the freezing/thawing cycle, water can be particularly damaging to foundations.
General Moisture Solutions can repair foundation and - wall cracks without expensive excavation or damage to interior dry wall. Thanks to our highly qualified ernployees and advance tools such as Infrared Thermal Imaging Camera.
There are two methods of crack repairs Polyurethane and Epoxy filling. The epoxy adhesive system properties are meant to restore the damaged or missing foundation. This highly adhesive property prevents the movements of the foundation due to weather seasons and temperature changes. Epoxy is so durable and strong method that it outlasts the concrete itself. The chemical properties tie in with the concrete to prevent any leaks and water penetration. The epoxy takes hours to harden and bond with the foundation. This allows the substance to travel to the smallest crevices and bond with the concrete to become a solid state. This method is highly effective due to withstanding high force of water penetration.
The polyurethane foam its designed for filling the cracks because structure is elastic in nature, but it is not meant to repair the foundation. When there is a slight movement of the foundation the foam like substance prevents the water from breaking in and forcing the water penetration. Polyurethane expands in the cracks and is resistant to movement that's why it is so effective. Due to its liquid.